African Diaspora

The task Is to analyze >six articles as they relate to the “Diaspora”, noting the articles controversy Of any), the forms of communication, and/or the contribution >African Americans have made to other cultures. >”Adulated Leads to Altitude For Black Teenagers,” written by Clarence Page >of the Courier Journal, published on August 7, 2003, discusses the >education of black students In Shaker Heights, a suburb of Cleveland. A >major premise of the article Is that the black students scored lower >academically than white students. John u.

Gobo, an anthropology professor, >who is well known in the field of “student achievement”, completed a probe >into the situation. The probe found that African American students scored >lower than white students in education and placed the blame towards the >”society and schools on one hand and the black community on the other. ” In >fact, the article refers to parenting, the environment, and peer pressure >as the main factors in the student’s demise. >African-Americans today place a considerable amount of blame on society >for their shortcomings.

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Society and the school systems hinder the >educational growth of today’s youth by inadequate aide, role models, and >unnecessary stereotypes. However, the controversy over who is to blame may >never be acknowledged. Yet, he African Americans must live the “veil” of >inferiority and society must accept African Americans as equals. > >The cultural differences displayed in the article are race and class. Race a major factor for many black students because of the stigma attached to >getting an education as “acting white. This situation places educated >black students In the mode of the “double consciousness,” not belonging to >the white society as an equal and not belonging to the black race because >of their “white education. ” Another cultural difference is class. The >article alludes to the parents being “doctors” and lawyers,” who have >obtained their education through hard work. The students who come from >lower class families have a feeling of helplessness. They view their only >way out of the “ghetto” is by becoming an entertainer, a sports star, or by >selling drugs.

The fact remains that the Inner city youth doesn’t see many >positive role models and their way of life Is survival by any means >necessary. >The generation gap has affected the relationship of today’s parents and >children. In the parents generation there was a different value system with >hard work and education at the forefront. In today’s society many parents >are working multiple sass Just to make ones meet, leaving ten c enlarger to >look towards television Tort a role model.

However, the current value system >stress money but there is no emphasis on the right way to obtain money, >which is through education. In essence, times have changed and the >attitudes of today’s youth have changed. Today’s youth have become more >angry, disrespectful, and more attitudinal. Like Jesse Jackson states “Your >attitude determines you altitude. ” On the other hand, time coincides with >space in this article because they both deal with the attitudes of >different social classes. Space appears when Page talks about the environment of the youths.

On one >hand, you have the middle class families who lives in a suburb with very >little crime. In a suburb, there are mostly middle to upper class families >that reside together as a community. These suburban families comprise of >doctors and lawyers that are normally financially stable. There are homes >with grass, the white picket fences, trees, fresh air, space, police >officers that prevent crime, but most importantly a sense of peace. In the >suburbs the children receive a better education because there are highly >qualified educators and better supplies.

On the there hand you have the >lower class families (ghetto families) who see a higher rate of crime and >the roles models aren’t visible. The lower class families often view >education as a losing battle that they are always going to be in the >ghetto. The parents are often uneducated and many of the homes are single >parent homes. The environment in the ghetto isn’t one of peace but of >noise, violence, and a sense of fear. The ghetto is filled with drug >dealers, gang violence, high incarceration rates, and a high mortality >rate.

It is an environment of chaos and helplessness leaving many of the >youth with a feeling that there isn’t a way out. Assorted and other meaningful behaviors are depicted when discussing the >influence of television and sports on the African American community. Page >states, “we can begin to encourage a self-image among black youths that >will help them to value their brains as much as their basketballs or their >”blind-blind” and “chining- chining” of rap stars on MAT and BET. ” This is >factual because the black youths attempt to mimic what they see on >television from the various rap artist and sports stars.

They get a false >sense of potential from the violence and often turn to the life on the >street rather than take a chance and obtain an education. The “blind-blind” >and the “chining-chining” are gold chains, fancy cars, a bid posy, and big >houses that are depicted in the music videos and are obtained by selling >drugs. This lifestyle seems to be easily obtained by life on the streets. >The basketball stars that are depicted are shown as black superheroes. Many >often didn’t seek a higher education and began a flashy lifestyle at an >early age.

Through the depiction of these black superheroes society >reinforces the perceived ability is athletics not education. > >This article relates to this class as it focuses on the freedoms of >education and the bubble consciousness that black students face as they try obtain an education. The research shows that “black students . Tend to >perform 10 to 15 points lower than whites out of anxiety that they might >confirm the low expectations others have AT tenet race. ” Not only 00 ten >Dalai students nave to measure themselves In relation to white students; >they must also measure themselves within their own race.

Furthermore, the >black community in order to obtain equality must accept that freedom and >knowledge are obtained through education, a right that many others have >fought and died for from the times of slavery until now. The article, it >also refers too lot of the topics in this class by depicting the >astigmatism that society has placed on blacks and education. However, many >black students tend to reinforce these stereotypes by cutting class, >disrespecting teachers and other authoritative figures, devaluing >themselves by selling drugs, and by simply not trying.

The black students >must accept the responsibility for their actions and realize the value of >an education for themselves. They must also attempt to evaluate themselves >on their own merit and not the merit imposed on them by society. > “When You Contain Multitudes,” written by Merely Favor, published on >April 24, 2005, in The New York Times, is an article about being of mixed >races. It points out how that the United States includes many interracial >children. The article encompasses statistics from the 2000 Census and >various organizations that have come as the result of the growing number of >interracial children.

The most important aspect that the article discusses the place in society the interracial children are trying to find, a >sense of self, and the racism that many of them have to endure. (confusing. Should it be: The most impotent aspects that the article discusses is the >plight of these children to find their place in society, to developed a >sense of self, and to effectively deal with the racism that they must >endure by both races? ) >The controversy is implicated in the article as each student address a form >of racism.

Society places controversy on the subject of more than one race >cohabitation and procreating together as a subject of cross breeding. It >seems that society can’t understand that there isn’t one dominant race and >that people who are in love don’t consider race an issue. Society also >views these relationships as devaluing the character of the predominant >race and mixing races will forever corrupt this country’s moral foundation. > >The first picture, entitled “Road Crew,” depicts the four students that are >touring with a “mixed-race” awareness group called Generation Mix.

The four >students are of different race mixtures and the facial appearance and body >language differs. The first woman, identified as Ashley McDermott has on an >orange t-shirt with the logo Generation Mix. McDermott has a pleasant smile >and appears to be happy, with her hands dropped to her side. Charles >Wesleyan appears to be smiling with his hands in his pocket. Goethe >Lakshminarayanan is striking a pose with her hand partially in her pocket >and the other hand placed on her leg and smiling. Jamie Tubbiest is >standing upright like a soldier with a straight face appears to be serious. The final person, Aaron Kendall isn’t showing direct eye contact towards >the cameraman, standing with his arms folded, and a look of discontentment >on his face. >The second picture “Changing Views” depicts Lackadaisically and Mr.. >Kendall slang literature Ana naval a Locutions. I en ? Is proven w lat K r. En EAI s engage, his hand is faced down pointing at the table, >as if he were attempting to stress a point. The third picture is “Taking >Charge” is of the founder of the organization Swirl, Jean Chaw. In this >picture Ms. Chaw is pleasantly smiling. >Verbal communication exists throughout this article.

The importance of >folding some phrases such as “Questions of ‘What are you? ‘ pop up >frequently” signifies the implied racism and ignorance that other cultures >display when something is unknown. Another folded phrase “Color lines are >blurring but barriers remain. ” However, both of these phrases act as a >heightened since of urgency to the importance of society understanding >diversity. Words are also striking in the article the word “ethnic” meaning >”other” represents the knowledge that society doesn’t understand what they >do not know, thus making interracial or multi-racial children a target of >ignorance.

This goes back to race relations and the Diaspora, as well as >the aspect of the “double consciousness. ” >Culturally significant use of time and space is also a form of >communication depicted in the article. The article talks about the newer >generation forming organizations that address the issues of multi-racial >people. Organizations such as Swirl, Generation Mix, Fusion, and Mixed were >started in today’s times because they are culturally significant and >address a broader range of interracial issues.

For example, the census of >2000 showed that “more than seven million people identified as >multi-racial, 41 percent were younger than 18, the census showed, compared >with 26 percent for the overall population. ” This fact is important because >most of the attention of interracial relationships was given to people of >black and white races, but the fact remains that racism is appearing on a >broader call as other races mingle. Space, in this article isn’t >necessarily a physical space but a need to get out of the bubble or >category that society places multi-racial groups in. They have to choose >which race or category in which they belong. The multi-racial people established organizations to help with their >individual identity and to raise the awareness of the general public. Each >organization began by someone who had gone through life questioning his or >her place in society. Similar to the Negro struggle these groups aid and >educate others on the meaning of being a part of more than one race. The >article references celebrities who are multi-raced (Maria Carrey, Senator >Barack Obama of Illinois, and Tiger Woods) and refused to place emphasis on >which race was dominant in their lives but rather embraced the races >equally.

These celebrities acted as a role model for these groups of >people, while society was forcing them to choose who they are. > >The entertainment world also places a negative emphasis on interracial >relationships. Movies depict the ignorance and unacceptability of >interracial couples thru racial slurs (the use of the N word), the >inappropriate questions and moments, the racially motivated Jokes (the old >slave/ slave master Jokes and interracial procreating Jokes), stereotypes >(characters are depicted as “Niger lovers” or as having “Jungle fever”). Being a catalyst for worldviews the en retirement Industry applets >elementarily relationship as a trend Tanat well destroy the very moral and >ethical fabric of the United States. >This article relates to the class as it depicts racism on a larger level. >The article depicts that many people have overcome the evils of society >while others are stuck in the past. However, the major relation is the >identical struggles of the multi-racial peoples as they too are in a debate >over true identity not classification. “Female consumers need to own hip-hop misogyny,” by ABA Smith of The >Louisville Cardinal, published on April 12, 2005, is an article about the >degrading lyrics of current hip-hop songs. The purchasing of such >derogatory materials by women, and the negative way women are depicted in >the music videos. Smith also addresses the misogynistic attitudes that men >adopt after these songs are played. >There is extreme controversy with this article due to the nature of the >hip-hop lyrics and videos. The lyrics of today’s songs encourage the >verbal, physical, and emotional abuse of women.

They also depict women as >merely “big booties in bikinis” and “sex toys” not as educated and >attractive women. Many lyrics use derogatory statements as “bitchy” and >”ho,” but women still gladly parade in videos undressed. Moreover, hip-hop >and its stars such as Newly are a cross-cultural form of music that >children often imitate and emulate. However, women as well as men buy this >music and consider it art. >Verbal expression with the use of italicized words showing the significance meaning appears in the article.

Vocal opposition to rampant misogyny in >some hip-hop music has grown louder,” is the beginning of the article and >sets the tone to follow. Smith italicized words such as “immediately”, >”dance”, and “their” to add meaning and to emphasis the degradation she >felt by the lyrics of today’s hip-hop songs. “Catcalling” another verbal >expression is described by Smith is a form of degradation that is used by >male students at the University. The male students will yell out >disrespectful “pick-up line” and expect the women to respond in a positive >manner.

When the women reject them the men revert to the mentality of he >rapper and call the women pitches. Kinesics is used when Smith describes >the “gyrating” of the half naked women in the videos and the act of >”dancing” to the derogatory music at parties. >The clothing of the women in the videos is described as “raunchy” and >”tramps- looking. ” In the music videos the women are made to look like >streetwalkers with no values. They are often wearing bras and panties, >thong swimsuits, and tight fitting and revealing clothing while gyrating on >some object or man.

They aren’t valuing themselves and appear to be willing do anything that is asked of them. Women ho hold a strong sense of self >and respectability wouldn’t dress and act like those women in the music >videos. Hip-hop, a popular form of music, has a stereotype or stigma >attached to it. Hip-Hop is a way of dressing (baggy clothes, the latest >tennis shoes, large gold chains) as well as a lifestyle (fancy cars, big >houses, and lots AT women) Tanat NAS taken on a new meaning Deterrent room >lets Declining. Modern hip-hop isn’t about the fun charismatic beats and >microphones, but rather guns, violence, the “blind”, and degrading women. >”The East Is Blue and Orange as Hip-Hop Invades,” written by Elisabeth >Rosenthal, published in The New York Times, International section, is a >story about a Chinese- Korean hip-hop band, TNT, a girl group called >Tinkered, and Annie a solo performing artist in a government sponsored >concert for the first time. The groups were some of the first to perform >hip-hop that represented their culture. The article depicted these artists >as being highly intelligent but very carefully put together through a >contest like “American Idol. >The article is accompanied with a single picture of the boy hip-hop group. >Their kinesics is like that of American hip-hop performers. Their clothes >are baggy, one ay is wearing the Afro-centric locks, and they appear to >have energy as they pump up the crowd. The male on the far left of the page shown with his arms up in the air with his hands doing a hip-hop >gesture. The male of the far right is clapping his hands to get the crowd >involved. >Controversy in the article was minimal. The most controversial aspect of >the article was the need for the Peoples Armed Police.

These officers were >there to maintain “public order” at a nonviolent event. The fact remains >the government feared what they didn’t understand, hip-hop. The violence in >hip-hop, at least in the United States, comes from the lyrics, the >mentality of the crowd, and their individual backgrounds. On the other >hand, if the Chinese crowd were looking for an “American” performance they >could be incited to riot. However, the Chinese government assumed a >negative reaction from the crowd because they like hip hop. >Cultural use of space is depicted with the People’s Armed Police seated in >the first row. The article stated that the use of the People’s Armed Police >was also used in rock concerts because they were “deemed a threat to public >order. ” Hip-hop concerts are often catalyst for violence. The lyrics often >encourage fighting, hooting, and degrading of women. Though the lyrics of >the Chinese group were about a bid for Beijing to host the 2008 Olympics >the government officials feared the uncertainty and acceptance of the newly >founded hip-hop band. Assorted and meaningful behaviors such as clothing and hair was depicted >when discussing the picture and throughout the article. The first instance when they talk about the “matching silvery coats, big baggy pants and >Nines. ” The hair was of different colors (red, blue, yellow, and orange) >and one male had his hair in dreadlocks. Though the Chinese hip-hop >encompasses ideologies from the Korean erosion there exist cultural >implications because R and B as well as hip-hop began with the African >culture. Cultural differences play a key in understanding the use of hip-hop both in >the United States and in China. In the United States hip-hop began as a >means of story telling In ten roan centers. At Its conception nil-nope was >a way AT communicating life’s ups and downs as well as entertainment for >urban youth. Today hip-hop has moved away from originality by becoming more >produced in studio and recording practices. Artists aren’t as original and >are using ghostwriters; people who write all f their lyrics. The US >artists don’t publicize the use of these artificial measures.

However, the >Chinese artists appear to be more created because the article depicts these >artists as made up with no originality. These performers look was >manufactured, their lyrics were ghost written, and their moves borrowed >from the United States hip-hop artist. Though their interests were for >entertainment hip-hop plays a larger role in African American culture. > >This article relates to our class because it is an extension of the African >based hip- hop. It shows that hip-hop crosses cultural boundaries because it widely accepted by all races as a form of a great source of revenue. Today you see white, black, Hispanic, and Asian audiences bouncing their >heads and leaping across stages to the urbanize beats. Rappers like Amine >(a white rapper) and Puff Daddy (black rapper) bridge the gap, and gain >more audiences through depicting their life experiences and their keen >fashion genre. Hip-hop also proves to be a language, through music and >movement, which is understood by all people. >” Million More, Part One: The State of Black Men 10 Years After the MOM,” >by Michael H. Scotsman, published on October 09, 2005, on Blackberries. Mom website, is about the “state” of the African American >society since the Million Man March of 1995. The article has highlighted >the decrease in success of the African American male since the march >stating that “more black men are dropping out of school, being Jailed at >disproportionately high rates and suffering from chronic emotional >instability. ” The article also offer remedies to these issues by taking >”responsibility” for the conditions that have prevailed themselves by >becoming politically active, seeking a better education, and preparing >themselves by becoming financially stable.

The Million More Movement, which is to take place on October 15, 2005, has >attracted controversy because of its leader Minister Louis Farmhand and >because of its failures in the black community. The whole purpose of the >march was to try to eliminate the many problems that both African American >men and women face. However, due to the statistical errors in attendance, >the perceived notion that blacks can’t act civilized, and the controversial >leaders, the Million More Movement will unnecessarily attract opposition. > >This article deals with many cultural differences.

The first cultural >difference is the ability of black men to support their families and to >feel validated. It shows how many African American men have succumbed to >the inequality as the statistics show an alarming rate of African American >men being incarcerated at a much higher rate than white men. It depicts the >realities of education as many of the African American men will be high >school dropouts, black students will become labeled “retarded” and >”disturbed”, but most importantly depicted as neglecting our children by >entering them into the system.

The label placed on black students Is unnatural >Ana sometimes Inaccurate. I nerve are Dalai students won go against tense >labels to become prominent members of society. However, there are many >black students who can’t manage to escape their environment and become >mentally unable to function in society. Education becomes the farthest >Rhine from their minds and pressures of their environment destroy what’s >remaining. Then again the labels that are imposed upon black students are >made to make them feel inferior and if the support is lacking then the >labels can become “self fulfilling prophesies. These are all cultural >differences and the facts are alarming. These preferences depict not only >the “veil” but also a double consciousness as African Americans are >continuously being graded by society. >Throughout the article there are references made to kinesics. The Million >More Movement depicted the act of “marching” for equality. A march where >millions of people are walking side by side without violence is very >influential and adds tremendous meaning. Movement in this article appears >not the physical act of moving but as an economical and political movement. The article alludes to violence as men are “devalued” by society and as a >result they “use their physical abilities to dominate other people. ” >Physical violence, the act of dominating and “killing” represents an end to >the means of obtaining financial, emotional, and psychological freedom. >Another form of kinesics that is represented in the article is the notion >of being oppressed. Blacks have been disenfranchised for years but now they >are not only physically oppressed through imprisonment but also >financially, emotionally, and politically Petersen. Culturally significant use of time is depicted when talking about the >urgency and dire need of the movement because the statistics of the African >American people re skewed negatively. Scheduling, of speakers that would >influence the attendees of the Million More Movement. Another significant >tool of analysis that is being used is the group in which the Movement is >associated with. The movement is directed towards the African American >community who is dire need of direction.

The couple of groups that have >been established are the Joint Center Health Policy Institute and the >Deludes Commission that address the representation and healthcare of >African American males. Another culturally significant organization is the Black Men” a group of young African American males who tutor and mentor other disenfranchised youth. >The final tool of analysis is verbal communication in which words provoke >emotion within the article. Words such as “challenge,” “responsibility,” >and phrases such as “It’s important to raise your children to fight.

Raise >them by standing yourself and fighting. ” In this article fighting isn’t a >physical act but the act of obtaining equality through political, >educational, social, and economic arenas. The term fighting doesn’t refer >to violence but rather to take back control over your life. Take the >political powers given to African Americans by the constitution, take the >mental rowers given to African Americans by God, take control over >finances, take control of morality, and take control of education. Don’t >let the struggles of the world make you passive.

I urn toward ten struggles >Ana Talent a ” In tens passage means don’t run away take charge >of the things that are oppressing the African American people. These words >or phrases speak emotion and are a political, educational, and financial >call to arms to take the responsibility of the African American community >back from the oppressors. >This article relates to the African Languages in the Diaspora because it >deals with he problems that many African Americans have with dealing with >society and its oppressions.

Relates to the era after slavery was abolished >and the slaves were looking for equality, political, civil power and higher >education. It also shows how much farther the African American culture has evolve before it can be accepted or want to be accepted by “white >America. ” To be accepted, African Americans must first take accountability >for their own actions, educate themselves so that society can’t deem them >as savage, end the needless violence, take better care of their implies, >become financially stable, open more African American owned businesses, >become more independent from “white America. Though these are ideals that >would help African Americans towards their step for equality, “white >America” may never truly open their minds toward total acceptance of >African Americans. >”Program let children ‘live’ slavery”, by the Associated Press, published >on the MASC.. Com website, on May 16, 2005 is about a group of 50 fourth and >fifth grade students, who had an opportunity to experience life as a slave >while attending the Yam’s Camp Cowboys. The group of students were mostly >white, containing only 1 African American child.

They got to imitate the >harshness of slavery. The projects purpose was to give an “accurate” and >interesting portrayal of slavery without using the textbook. > this article “trailblazing black history” highlights the controversy. >The NAACP and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference both oppose the >Camp for this reason. These groups felt as if the camp was taking the issue >observers lightly. They understood that no one could walk in the footsteps >of the slaves and the conditions in which slaves lived couldn’t be >duplicated.

It’s a really vivid lesson in compassion.. We’ll never come >close to how horrific or difficult slave life was. ” Another trailblazing >factor is treatment of the children. In the article, if a child couldn’t >handle the pressure of the camp then they were able to leave the >simulation, which was unrealistic in regards to a slave. Though this was a >controversial project the children learned more about slavery than they >would through reading a book. His article there were two main forms of analysis verbal expression and >a significant use of time and space. The first tool, verbal expression is >visible when he students were taught the words of “Swing Low Sweet >Chariot,” an old Negro spiritual that has a historical value as it was sung >by the slaves. Other verbal value was the description of the camp as >”intense” or thought and emotionally provoking as children of other races >witnessed for themselves the harshness of slavery. The children went >through being sold on the auction block.

The buyers literally walked up to >ten centre Ana examined t n Ir oodles Day Delve “Pokka Ana propane ” I nee >witness the terror of gunfire and obstacles similar to what the slaves had >witnessed. Being told that they were property not human beings and they witnessed the physical hardships imposed on slaves by hauling firewood >which demeaned them. >The second cultural significant use of time and space is used by defining >history, a story of the past, and comparing it to what modern day students >would face today such as “discrimination of race, religion, gender, and >socio-economic status. Time also plays a major role as slavery ended >roughly a hundred and forty years ago but it still is a important and >demeaning part of history. Time is also present in relation to the length >of the camp and the length of time that the children can endure the semi-harsh conditions of simulated slavery. For example, Nicole Wallis, who >only completed the simulation for an hour left midway through the program. >That hour seemed to be an eternity and she realized that the cruelties of >both the camp and slavery were something that she couldn’t handle. >This story relates to our class as part of the theme is for the “white” >society to accept and understand the plight of African Americans and this >history lesson is a beginning for such understanding. It also is a >cross-cultural subject as there was only 1 African American student present >and the rest were members of the “white society. ” Moreover, the students >that are in the African Languages in the Diaspora are a compilation of >races, which proves that the plight of the African American has expanded.

I >feel that to understand the plight would change the perception of African >Americans as well as the notion that part of society is willing to make a >change. >Though these articles vary in topic, from education to hip -hop, they all >encompass some aspect of Diaspora as it relates to this course. Using the >sociolinguistic tools of analysis and the basic concepts of the “veil” and >”double-consciousness” I was bled to find strong significant cultural >meanings within the articles.

The composition of America has changed with >the increase of the multi-racial population. Yet, many of the majority race >still struggles with the acceptance of others who are different from >themselves. There continues to be racism whether overt or convert some is >due to ignorance and not understanding the cultural of others. By the same >token, there are others who are encompassing the African American community >and attempting to emulate their style of clothing, hair, language and hair. > Others emulate their movement, music and culture.

This is he new >generation of Americans who are falling in love with the person rather than >their color and are willing to fight the discrimination placed upon them by >their unacceptable counterparts. America paints the perfect picture of >acceptance but their true selves are found in the laws that are pasted, >programs cuts, and the number of African Americans in top positions both in >public and private industries. Slavery has yet to end. The physical form >ended yet the African American remains a slave today. We have to work >twice as hard to get a Job or promotion, be super intelligent to be >recognized as equal, financially powerful to

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