Psycho analytic theory as Horney (2008) and Gottdiener (2008) emphasize, is applied in many therapies for addressing the behavioral and psychological disorders. Such therapies include the following. a) Psychoanalytic therapy According to Karen (2008), psycho analytic therapy is a treatment model that is directly derived from psychoanalytic theory. In this model, a therapist makes the patient lie in a relaxed position and listens to them as they talk. In this case, psychoanalysis therapy focuses largely on identifying the major events that led to the problem.
As a result, a therapist is able to grasp not only the origin but figure out its further progression in an individual. Adolf (2007) argues that owing to the fact that this therapy gathers information on a long time basis, conclusive resolutions are easily arrived at. In a Freudian manner, (Barbara, 2008) explains that this therapy is based on the belief that experiences that occur during an individual’s growth, unconscious feelings, and even motivations are crucial factors in maladaptive behaviors as well as mental illnesses.
In his view, Adam (2008) differs with some scholars who indicate that this therapy is time consuming and expensive. In particular safe and calm environment creates an effective model for patients to offload and share their burden with therapists. b) Behavioral therapy Behavioral therapy is a major therapy applied to facilitate change of behavior for an individual. Notably, this therapy is based on the work of BF Skinner whose experiments indicated that through contingency management behavioral activation and restriction can be achieved (Hayes, 2004).
This therapy as indicated earlier, borrows greatly from psychoanalytic theory’s reference of the conscious mind as an important aspect in behavioral change. Incorporating social skills training further builds on the ego which facilitates greater reasoning, acceptance of reality and ultimate assimilation of a more acceptable behavior in the society. c) Cognitive therapy Reference to psychoanalytic theory in cognitive therapy is evidenced from its orientation to invoke the unquestioned thoughts (unconscious mind) for a mentally disturbed person.
According to Busch (2009), this therapy entails modification of beliefs and ultimate change of behaviors. A therapist therefore establishes a close collaborative relationship with his patient and then moving out of it as he brings the reality and subjects him to change. At this point, reaching the unquestioned thoughts challenges the mode of thinking which invokes a greater sense of reality. Therapists argue that application of the cognitive therapy in addressing depression, the negative schema for most people are acquired during the early ages of their childhood or adolescence.
The depressive attitudes must therefore be looked from a psychoanalytic theoretical point of view in creating an acceptable model for the patient (Summers and Jacques, 2009). By considering the patient’s past experiences, psychoanalytic theory forms a major platform for focusing on realities and therefore avoiding resilience of similar problems. d) Group psychotherapy Over the years, Nelson-Jones (2005) reports that group therapy have continued to gather momentum due to its inherent efficiency in addressing mental disorders.
The therapy’s efficacy as many analysts agree is largely derived on its application of psychoanalytic theory ideals. To begin with, analysts consider the ability to explore the unconscious mind and then subjecting it to the present environmental delineation as critical in drawing new mechanisms of addressing similar issues. While conducting group therapy, a group of clients are treated together where they learn about each other’s problems (Adolf, 2007).
By opening up about their problems, patients realize that they are not alone in their suffering. They develop a sense of identity and the need to maintain the bond as they seek common solutions. With the help of their therapists, patients are able to build up on the success stories of other members and therefore own them. Nelson-Jones (2005) further applauds this therapy by creating the needed internal self driving force that makes them easy to face latter challenges. e) Parent-Infant Psychotherapy
Kanofsky and Lieb (2007) explain that children who suffer from different psychological disorders can only be addressed through a careful understanding of the unconscious mind. However, this can only be done through evaluating the intimate relationship they hold with parents or immediate caretakers. Parent-child psychotherapy therefore employs Freud’s stages of development through understanding the parents experience during childhood, their expectations and relationship with others that are part of the child’s environment.
Horney (2008) explains that in a psychoanalytic system, a therapist plays the role of an observer between the parent and a child in order to provide an alternative means for a child. By bringing about the parent’s memory as a child, a therapist easily makes the parent to avoid possible issues that could have caused problems and therefore set a better platform for the infant to relate even with others (Marrie and Janneke-van, 2007).