The Gestalt therapy in psychology is an existential and experiential method of therapy that focuses on the personal experiences in the present moment, the therapist-client relationship, the environmental and social context by which these experiences take place, and the adjustments that people make as a result of the overall situation. This approach mainly focuses on the present rather than tackle issues of the past or future.
Basically, it also emphasizes the importance of direct experience rather than indirect or secondary interpretation of the situation. It is also more interested in the process (what happens), rather than the content (what is discussed). For me, the gestalt therapy is an effective way by which individuals will be able to let go of their bonds from the past, or their anxieties about the future.
This becomes a double-edged sword that because in the positive sense, yes it liberates the person under therapy from the tormenting past such as bad childhood experiences or the fears that are associated with the uncertainty of the future such as the life they will be able to live or provide for their children, but it also gives them the idea that these things and experiences are only part of human life, but are not so much important because of the stressing of the therapy into the now.
The approach also exhibits the danger of removing from the person necessary fears such as a little bit of anxiety or the remembrance of the past. It boxes the person into the “now”, which may lead to actions that do not look into future consequences or may disregard the lessons from the past and instead concentrate on the “rush” that the present brings forth.
One important factor in which the Gestalt therapy shines, for me anyway, is that it is able to establish not only a better understanding of the individual and himself, but it also forges a therapist-client relationship which I believe is vital in the tackling psychological problems. It also helps that the therapy focuses more on the doing part rather than the talking part because it presents clients the concreteness of the issue being taken into consideration.
The danger of this approach, though, is with the therapist himself. Through the forging of interpersonal relationships, s/he not only forms a better understanding of the client, but also of himself, and the problem may occur when the therapist himself gets so immersed in the relationship that he too loses the need for feelings such as anxiety and fear. In conclusion, I myself am not a critic of the approach; rather I think there should be limits to the use of the approach given that it has several dangers in its existence.
Yes it will be a very good thing for therapists to do their job, but there is still an underlying danger of the ability to recognize and read the situation, especially in the part of the therapist. I think that this type of therapy should only be recommended to professionals who understand the situation and themselves well enough not to get carried away and lose his sense of self. Bibliography Gestalt Therapy. Encyclopedia of Mental Disorders. Retrieved April 1, 2009 from http://www. minddisorders. com/Flu-Inv/Gestalt-therapy. html