Gastroenteritis due to salmonella

A 7-year old female child is admitted into the hospital due to abnormal bowel movement associated with vomiting. The child is complaining with crampy pains in the abdomen for almost a week. Her parents thought that it was just a minor stomach ache so they just applied some ointment to releive the pain. But after a couple of days, the child experienced high temperatures, higher than before and already complaining with headaches. The doctor concluded that it is gastroenteritis because of the symptoms and asked for a stool sample to test for the presence of Salmonella and any other microbes that cause similar symptoms.

The doctor discovered the presence of a high number of Salmonella and concluded that the infection already spreads from the intestines. The doctor treated the patient with antibiotic and required the parents to give a rehydration drink (oral rehydration solution (ORS)) to the child. Also advised to give half-strength orange juice and should drink at least 6 to 10 glasses of liquids to replace the fluids. WHAT IS SALMONELLA? A 7-year old female child is admitted into the hospital due to abnormal bowel movement associated with vomiting.

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The child is complaining with crampy pains in the abdomen for almost a week. Her parents thought that it was just a minor stomach ache so they just applied some ointment to relieve the pain. But after a couple of days, the child experienced high temperatures, higher than before and already complaining with headaches. The doctor asked for a stool sample to test for the presence of Salmonella and any other microbes that cause similar symptoms. The doctor discovered the presence of a high number of Salmonella and concluded that the infection already spreads from the intestines.

The doctor treated the patient with antibiotic and required the parents to give a rehydration drink (oral rehydration solution (ORS)) to the child. Also advised to give half-strength orange juice and should drink at least 6 to 10 glasses of liquids to replace the fluids. Salmonella are infectious bacteria associated with foodborne and gastrointestinal illnesses. This is a Gram negative bacillus that can be found in the gut of humans and almost all animals throughout the world.

The two main diseases caused by these bacteria are: 1. Salmonellosis: Caused by Salmonella enteritidis or Salmonella typhimurium (actually a subtype of S. enteritidis), salmonellosis is a diarrheal disease, known more generically as gastroenteritis. Since it is is associated with animals (rather than through contact with infected people), it is usually a foodborne disease, spread through consumption of contaminated foods, especially eggs and poultry. It has also been reported in several large, nationwide outbreaks.

A fair number of cases of transmission have also been attributed to exposure to pets infected with the microbe. 2. Typhoid Fever: Typhoid fever is caused by Salmonella typhi. Also spread through ingestion of contaminated food or drink, this species is much less common, especially in industrialized countries, but is associated with more severe systemic illness. Although diarrhea can be a symptom of typhoid fever, it is absent in many cases. Transmission is often due to exposure to chronic carriers, including the infamous “Typhoid Mary”.

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