Introduction. Healthcare acquired infection (HAIs) is a very serious problem within hospitals across the US. The name HAI was given due to the fact that patients were acquiring these infections during their hospital stays. Due to the large amount of people being admitted and treated in hospitals, health care workers have to ensure that they are practicing proper hand washing techniques. These infections can be prevented as long as the guidelines set either by the World Health Organization (WHO) or Centers for Disease Control (CDC) are implemented and followed.
One of the most cost effective ways to prevent HAIs is to enforce that everyone to include the patient, staff and visitors are washing their hands properly before being in contact with the patient. There are a several HAIs associated with the hospital that The Joint Commission (TJC) focus on. These healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) include urinary tract infections, surgical site infections, bloodstream infections, and pneumonia. Summary of TJC According to TJC, due to different patient population and risk factors, HAIs cannot be treated the same at every hospital.
The treatment and prevention plans have to be adjusted to benefit the patient population. For instance some hospitals may have an increase number of pneumonia while others may have an increase in bloodstream infections. Both situations are equally important but the manner in which they are handled are completely different. Therefore when trying to prevent HAIs, education is very important. As a result, proper policies and procedures should be in place and every new employee should be trained when they are hired.
How the NP NPSG Statement HAIs have become a big concern for both patients and hospitals alike. The goal of the hospital is to help the patients heal without any complication. This will ensure that the patient does not become sicker than they were before they went into the hospital. Foley catheters are considered a risk factor for HAI. Therefore they are only used as a last resort. If sterile technique is not followed when inserting a Foley catheter, it increases the chances of the patient developing a urinary tract infection.
Whereas using clean techniques for IVs will eliminate bloodstream infections. Donning the correct PPE during a contact precaution and washing hands after every contact with patients will decrease the spread of pathogens which intern decreases the chances of HAIs. Effectively and non-effective implementation Evidence based practice is very important to TJC. Therefore it is unacceptable to perform services that are not supported by evidence. Some facilities are implementing hand hygiene by ensuring that hand sanitizers are both inside and outside each patient’s room.
Having these equipments available and within everyone’s reach will cut the spread of infectious pathogen by serving as a reminder to wash before and after leaving the rooms. To enforce contact precautions, hospitals are also placing PPEs outside of every patient’s room and using disposable equipments such as blood pressure cuffs which remains in the patient’s room until their discharge. However, this only works when everyone to include visitors implements them. How to improve Effectiveness.
Since the state of Colorado does not require continuing education (CE) it would be beneficial if facilities implement their own policies in regards to CE. Each employee should be mandated do annual check off depending on their scope of practice. Using teaching aids such as posters, brochures and videos are tools for that could be use when teaching both the patient and the staff. Also, since there is a shortage within the health care field it is important that the employees are not overworked.
Whenever anyone is overworked it is hard for them to perform their jobs effectively. As a result the staff may take short cuts or even forget to do simple tasks such as hand hygiene. Reference National patient safety goal. (2013, 01 01). Retrieved from http://www. jointcommission. org/assets/1/18/NPSG_Chapter_Jan2013_HAP. pdf Types of healthcare-associated infections. (2012, 01 30). Retrieved from http://www. cdc. gov/HAI/infectionTypes. html Collins, A. (n. d. ). Preventing healthcare-associated infections. Retrieved from http://www. ncbi. nlm. nih. gov/books/NBK2683/