Person-centered therapy, also known as client-centered, Rogerian therapy, or non-directive, is a move towards counseling and psychotherapy that seats much of the liability for the treatment course on the client, with the psychoanalyst taking a nondirective function. Purpose
Two main objectives of person-centered therapy are amplified self-esteem and better openness to experience, few of the linked changes that this shape of therapy seeks to promote in clients comprise closer accord between the customers idealized and real selves; improved self-understanding; inferior stages of defensiveness, guilt, and lack of confidence; additional positive and contented relationships by others; and an augmented capacity to knowledge and state feelings at the instant they take place. History
American psychologist Carl Rogers developed this in the 1930s; he supposed that therapy ought to take place in a helpful environment shaped by a close individual relationship flanked by customer and therapist. Rogers’s foreword of the expression “client” in spite of “patient” expresses his denial of the traditionally hierarchical connection between therapist and client and his outlook of them as equals. In person-centered therapy, the customer determines the broad course of therapy, whilst the therapist seeks to augment the client’s imminent and self-understanding through casual clarifying queries.
In the start of the 1960s, person-centered therapy turned out to be linked with the human potential movement; this movement mirrored a distorted perspective of human personality. Formally psychological theories sighted human beings as intrinsically self-centered and dishonest, e. g. , Freud’s theory aimed on sexual and violent tendencies as the main forces driving human nature. The human potential movement defined human nature as inherently good. Self-actualization, an expression resulting from the human potential movement links to the propensity of all human beings to shift forward, raise and reach their maximum potential.
When humans go toward self-actualization, they are moreover pro-social; i. e. , they tend to be anxious for others and act in honest, reliable, and positive ways. The idea of self-actualization centers on human power rather than human shortages. Currently, two main variations of person-centered therapy have developed: Eugene Gendlin in 1979 developed experiential therapy and Leslie Greenberg and colleagues in 1993 developed process-experiential therapy.
Whilst person-centered therapy is measured one of the major therapeutic approaches, together with cognitive-behavioral therapy and psychoanalytic therapy, Influence of Roger is felt in schools of therapy. The ideas and techniques he developed are used in an assorted fashion by a lot of unlike kinds of psychoanalyst and therapists. (Scharf, 2008) Necessary and sufficient conditions for client change In some cases, necessary and sufficient conditions for client change have also taken place and to further elaborate this, I would be using two examples mentioned below. Depression
This is one of the most common psychological disorders and there are a variety of depressions such as major depression, dysthymic disorder and adjustment disorder with depression, non- specific depression, etc. Studies tell us that more than 17 million Americans experience clinical depression and it cause various problems in the daily lives of the people. Not only does it cause pain for people going through it but for their loved ones as well. Depression has various affects on the lives of the people such as their personal and work life may be destroyed and this also has adverse affects on the economy of the country.
It is therefore; necessary to diagnose it, however not everyone is able to diagnose this problem because it is not easy as different people have different symptoms of depression. Therefore, the first step to diagnose it is to recognize it but studies show that almost two-thirds of the people with depression do not get a proper treatment and this happens due to the failure of recognizing the symptoms, the factor of stigma, misdiagnosing factors and physical problems, treatment of individual symptoms are provided instead of concentrating on the underlying cause.
Anxiety Disorders Under this there are various problems that might occur in a patient, for instance he might have the problem of panic disorder, compulsive disorder and specific phobias, social or generalized anxiety, etc. From all of these, the most common are anxiety problems as studies prove that Americans visit the doctors more for such problems than for cold or cough, however the percentage varies from person to person.
It is very common for patients of anxiety to use medications but it is also necessary to use psychotherapy in an effective way as the medicines just control the symptoms but do not eliminate them. The focus of psychological treatment is always more on reducing the symptoms and so it is not essential to depend on medications. Now I will be talking about some of the necessary and sufficient conditions for client change. Change that occurs between the patient and the therapist are due to many reasons such as the context their relationship.
Moreover, change also occurs due to psychother-apy that is applicable to all relationships as is it necessary for the therapist to have empathy for the patient and even the patient must also understand the therapist after which the hypotheses must be done and it must be stated in terms that are measureable and that can be easily evaluated. It is necessary for the therapist to realize the condition of the patient and to treat him accordingly. Reference Scharf, R. (2008) Theories of Psychotherapy and Counseling. 4th Edn. Thompson Brooks/Cole, Belmont, CA.