Obesity and diabetic disease in children is a growing area of concern as many children are prone to become obese and diabetic. Those children suffering from diabetic conditions and obesity are usually at risk for they are likely to develop unhealthy medical conditions as well as become emotionally dysfunctional. Obesity provides an opportunity for other diseases such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and high cholesterol in the blood which can be fatal. Children who happen to be obese are usually mocked by their peers and stigmatized hence hampering their emotional and psychological development.
It is therefore important to protect the children from the dangers associated with the health condition through observation of healthy living standards. This paper shall elaborate on the condition of obesity in children and give a comprehensive analysis of the problem for better understanding so that parents and all those concerned shall be in a position to help children avoid the dangers associated with the condition. Obesity: Obesity is a condition that is characterized by uncontrolled increase in body weight brought about by the Body Mass Index (BMI) exceeding the 95th percentile (Collins, para 1).
Such condition may be attributed to various causes which includes the environmental and biological elements. However, gaining weight is as a result of high calorie consumption followed by lack of vigorous activity to expend the excess calories. The calorie surplus thus becomes responsible for the obese condition. There are two types of diabetes including type 1 and type 2. Previously it was thought that children were affected by only type 1 but there has been evidence that the children are not immune to type 2 as well.
Statistics indicates that in the United States alone well over 10000 children are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes every year. The incidences of type 2 diabetes have also been on an upward trend with the rate tripling in the last 20 years (Women Health Resource, para 3). Causes: The causes as stated above can broadly be categorized into two including the environmental and the genetic factors. It can however be argued that diabetes is generally caused by our eating habits and inactive standard of living.
The environmental causes include excessive snacking, lack of exercise, fast food diets, family behaviors, and concepts of body image. Snacks are a common phenomenon in the US and children often take high calorie snacks and fast foods that are advertised in the media. Coupled with the sedentary lifestyles, these children are at a great risk of falling victims of the diabetic condition. This is because they do not exercise to expend the calories that they take in. Family behaviors in regard to shopping patters, dieting and exercise have a profound impact on the children’s energy balance.
The attitude of parents towards weight loss can also encourage obesity in children (Collins, para 2). The biological causes on the other hand lie in the genetics of body as a considerable number of genes are involved in weight management. The blood glucose metabolism, metabolic rate, and hormones are some of the body processes that are influenced by genetics. Studies have indicated that children born of obese parents have a greater risk of becoming obese as opposed to those born of healthy parents (Collins, para 8). Prevention: