Generalized Anxiety Disorder is one of the many types of anxiety disorders. It is characterized by an individual overly worrying over situations a normal person would not give a second thought to. The following paper looks at the different interacting factors that lead to GAD. It also looks at the different available treatment options and the new or recently discovered drugs. The paper refers to a case study of a woman suffering from a mental disorder and tries to identify with it. Introduction Anxiety is a normal way of dealing with stressful environments but only in moderation.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is an anxiety disorder that manifests itself with many symptoms like excessive and uncontrollable worry about everything in ones life and usually worrying about things that are worth that much worrying (Velazquez & Jaques Cattell Press, 1999). It is a condition that completely deficits one the ability to carry out day to day activities normally because an individual suffering from GAD usually anticipates disaster in everything and has excessive worries about everything from money, to health and holiness as in the case with Maria.
Basically anxiety affects ones way of thinking and view of different situations but can also lead to a number of physical symptoms. Symptoms associated with GAD include irritability, a very unrealistic way of viewing problems, an excessive and continuous worry and tension, one is always restless and edgy, headaches and muscle tension are a common occurrence in such individuals (Hidalgo & Davidson, 2001).
Sweating, nausea and inability to concentrate are other additional symptoms, difficulties in getting sleep; one can also be easily startled, going to the bathroom frequently, feeling tired all the time and frequent trembling are other common features associated with GAD. Twitching, difficulties in breathing and fidgeting can be other minor manifestations. However for one to be diagnosed as suffering from GAD these symptoms must have manifested for six months and so.
It has been approximated that more than 6 million adult Americans suffer from GAD. Individuals suffering from GAD also show other psychological abnormalities like obsessive compulsive disorder and different types of depression as in the case of Maria who suffered obsession in holiness and cleanness. The diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental disorders (DSM- IV) is a manual used in by mental professionals to diagnose mental conditions like GAD.
It offers some guidelines to help professionals diagnose the condition and the guidelines include; the manifestation of the symptoms should occur for at least six months for them to indicate GAD, another symptom is if an individual has difficulties in controlling their worries and anxiety over time, if one experiences the feeling of being tense, restless, difficulties in getting sleep, difficulty in concentrating, irritation for more than six months (Stahl & Muntner, 2000).
DSM also indicates that the condition can only be classified as GAD if the symptoms manifested are not part of another mental condition. Also if the symptoms are diagnosed to cause a significant clinical distress that cause difficulties in ones ability to function properly. The DSM indicates that the symptoms should not be as a result of drug or substance use.